1 How and Which Foods Help in Reducing the Symptoms of GERD?
2 Which Foods Should Be Avoided in GERD?
3 Frequently Asked Questions
Gastroesophageal reflux disease (GERD) is characterized by the backflow of acidic contents from the stomach into the esophagus. This condition is often characterized by heartburn symptoms, pain in the middle of the chest, nausea, vomiting, burping, and bad breath. GERD symptoms can be reduced to a larger extent by maintaining a healthy lifestyle and dietary habits. Diet plays an essential role in avoiding the symptoms of GERD.
How and Which Foods Help in Reducing the Symptoms of GERD?
Food plays an essential role in the development and prevention of GERD symptoms. GERD occurs if you consume a food that is hyper acidic (Containing a large amount of acid). Hyper acidic foods increase the amount of acid in the stomach, which causes the relaxation of the LES valve. As a result, the stomach acid backflows into the esophagus leading to GERD symptoms. Certain foods are less acidic and provide relief from the GERD symptoms like indigestion, heartburn, chest pain, etc. Such foods cannot cure the condition but provide relief to patients from frequent GERD episodes. Following are some of the foods that have been found to be useful in GERD:
Some low acid and non-citrus fruits like apple, banana, watermelon, muskmelon, and pears help your GERD treatment diet plan. These fruits prevent symptoms like heartburn, chest pain, and indigestion. Besides, they also keep your digestive system healthy.
Ginger has natural anti-inflammatory properties that have a soothing effect on your GERD symptoms. It prevents the irritation of the esophagus caused due to acid reflux. This, in turn, reduces heartburn and other gastrointestinal problems. Ginger also plays a role in reducing the secretion of stomach acids. It is recommended to consume ginger in the form of a caffeine-free ginger tea along with honey as a sweetener. You can also enjoy some ginger root smoothies to get rid of your GERD symptoms.
Oatmeal is a very healthy food and can be the best meal to start the day. It is rich in fiber content and therefore prevents acid production in the stomach, which in turn reduces the chances of acid reflux.
Brown rice is a fiber-rich food, which can help in managing the digestive system. It is a vitamin-B rich food. It can also help reduce acid reflux symptoms because it helps in absorbing excess stomach acid.
Since vegetables are low in fat and sugar, they are very useful in preventing acid production within the stomach. Some of the vegetables that can be helpful are green beans, asparagus, leafy greens, broccoli, asparagus, potatoes, celery, cauliflower, lettuce, and cucumbers. Consuming these vegetables in your food can prevent the symptoms of GERD.
Egg whites consist of low acid content and are a rich source of protein. Egg white can be useful for preventing GERD symptoms and because they prevent acid reflux.
Chicken breast without skin (contains fat) has been found to be helpful against acid reflux and the associated GERD symptoms.
Virgin olive oil can be good for reducing the increased amounts of acid in the stomach. It is low acidity oil, and its acidity ranges between 0.2% to 0.8%. Due to its low acidic nature, it prevents GERD symptoms.
Fennel seeds (saunf) have a mild licorice flavor. It has a low acidic content, which helps in preventing GERD symptoms. If you don’t want to eat it directly, you can roast it. You can soak fennel seeds in water and drink that water for reducing the heart burning sensation due to acid and contractions.
Honey is viscous in nature and forms a mucus layer within the esophagus. This layer acts as a protective barrier and protects the esophageal lining against the damage caused by the acid coming out from the stomach due to reflux. Honey can also cure the damage and inflammation of the esophagus by removing the free radicals.
Aloe vera has alkaline nature and works effectively against heartburn. You can drink a cup of aloe vera juice before your meal to reduce the risk of acid reflux. It neutralizes the acidic contents within the stomach. It also soothes inflammation and irritation in the esophagus caused by the acid.
Milk is a rich source of calcium, and calcium is an important component of many antacids because it reduces the level of acid in the stomach. High-fat milk should be avoided as it may increase the acid within the stomach. On the other hand, skimmed milk can be a good option as it buffers the stomach acid and provides relief from the irritation and burning sensation caused by increased acid content in the stomach.
Yogurt containing probiotics can be beneficial for digestive health. It provides a soothing effect against the irritation and burning sensation caused due to GERD. Yogurt can be a good option for people who can’t consume skimmed milk due to lactose intolerance (inability to digest lactose).
Although lemon is a citrus fruit and contains citric acid that can worsen GERD, mixing a small amount of lemon with warm water makes it alkaline. This alkaline lemon water can help neutralize stomach acid.
Sweets and Deserts
If you have an acid reflux problem, you can prefer sweets such as yogurt cookies, low-fat cakes, gelatin-based desserts, and ice milk. All these sweet dishes and good to eat in acidity.
Read About Posture Effects on Your GERD Symptoms
Which Foods Should Be Avoided in GERD?
Some foods should be avoided in GERD because they increase the acid secretion in the stomach. Increased acid secretion may lead to acid reflux and ultimately results in GERD. Following are some of the foods that should be avoided during GERD:
- Full fat milk
- Carbonated beverages
- Caffeinated drinks such as tea and coffee
- Citrus fruits such as lemon, citrus, and tomato
- Spicy food
- Oily and greasy food
- Different types of sauces such as chili sauce, soya sauce,and pizza sauce
- Fried foods such as fried rice, french fries, and fried chicken
You can also make some of the following lifestyle changes along with certain diet modifications to reduce the risk of GERD:
- Avoid taking big meals
- Take your food 3 hours before bed
- Lose your weight if you are obese
- Shift your sleeping position on the left side
- Avoid alcohol and smoking
- Do some relaxation exercises like yoga and mediation
Check Our Trusted Resources on GERD
Frequently Asked Questions
What Are the Best Foods to Eat If You Have GERD?
The best foods which can relieve the irritation and heartburn symptoms of GERD are:
- Non-citrus fruits like apple, banana and pear.
- Vegetables like broccoli, cauliflower, lettuce,cucumber,and potatoes
- Oatmeal, bread and brown rice
- Aloe vera juice
Is Yogurt Good for GERD?
Yoghurt can be a good choice for GERD, because it gives a soothing effect on your stomach and prevents it from irritation. It may also be taken as alternative for skimmed milk because some people have lactose intolerance and they cannot digest milk because of increased acidity in stomach leading to appearance of GERD symptoms.
Is Honey Good for Acid Reflux?
Honey can be a good food for acid reflux. It helps in reducing inflammation of the esophagus which occurs due to acid reflux. Honey provides a mucus coating to the esophagus to protect it from acid secretion.
What is a Good Breakfast for Acid Reflux?
Oatmeal and whole grain breads can be good breakfast for acid reflux because they are fiber rich foods. The fiber rich diet can reduce the risk of acid reflux. You can also add yoghurt and skimmed milk in your breakfast. These help in reducing the symptoms of acid reflux.
- Whole grains such as oatmeal, couscous and brown rice.
- Root vegetables such as sweet potatoes, carrots and beets.
- Green vegetables such as asparagus, broccoli and green beans.
Eat plenty of whole foods naturally low in fat and sugar, such as fruits, vegetables, whole grains, nonfat dairy, and fish. Steer clear of fatty meat, sugary drinks (especially carbonated drinks), processed foods, and fatty, sugary desserts. Drink little or no alcohol and caffeine.What drink soothes GERD? ›
Drinks such as ginger tea, certain fruit and vegetable juices, and plant-based milks may benefit people experiencing acid reflux and heartburn. Avoiding citrus juices, carbonated beverages, and alcohol can also help to reduce symptom frequency and severity.Do bananas heal GERD? ›
Bananas for stomach acid are considered safe because they have alkaline (alkaline) properties. In addition, this fruit is also considered to help balance the acid in the stomach so that symptoms of acid reflux or GERD can be prevented.Is avocado good for GERD? ›
Avocado: Despite being high in fat, avocados are rich in healthy fats, which can settle your stomach and prevent acid reflux symptoms.Is peanut butter good for GERD? ›
You should avoid chunky peanut butter, as it's more likely to cause symptoms of acid reflux. Smooth peanut butter is often a part of esophageal soft diets. Your doctor may recommend this diet if you have esophagitis, or inflammation of the esophagus. Acid reflux is often a symptom of esophagitis.How do I get rid of GERD permanently? ›
Surgery for GERD
The goal of surgery for reflux disease is to strengthen the anti-reflux barrier. During a procedure known as a Nissen fundoplication, your surgeon wraps the upper part of your stomach around the lower esophagus. This enhances the anti-reflux barrier and can provide permanent relief from reflux.
- losing weight if you're overweight or have obesity.
- elevating your head during sleep by placing a foam wedge or extra pillows under your head and upper back to incline your body and raise your head off your bed 6 to 8 inches.
- quitting smoking , if you smoke.
Drinking water during the later stages of digestion can reduce acidity and GERD symptoms. Often, there are pockets of high acidity, between a pH or 1 and 2, just below the esophagus. By drinking tap or filtered water a little while after a meal, you can dilute the acid there, which can result in less heartburn.What is the best drinking water for GERD? ›
Alkaline water is considered therapeutic by many people who suffer from reflux disease and is associated with reducing symptoms, such as heartburn. The theory is that it reduces the acidity of the intestinal tract and permanently denatures any pepsin that is present.
Given that your dessert is one (or two) scoop of vanilla ice-cream. Wondering why we chose this flavour for your heartburn, out of all those other mouth-watering flavours? It is because vanilla ice-cream is just another version of cold milk (that is frozen) thought to be a good natural remedy for acidity.What can I drink at night for acid reflux? ›
Water. Most notably, mineral water with an alkaline pH – this may reduce the acidity of the stomach and help to denature the enzyme pepsin. It's this digestive enzyme that is thought to be responsible for much of the damage associated with reflux.Do eggs make GERD worse? ›
Low in fat, egg whites are easier to digest, so they may be less likely to trigger your GERD. However, egg yolks are high in fat, so may increase your chances of getting acid reflux. If you want to include eggs in your diet, you could consider removing the yolks first.Is yogurt good for GERD? ›
Is Yogurt Good for GERD? Yogurt that is low in fat is generally safe to eat for those who have GERD. You should avoid eating yogurt that contains whole fat rather than low amounts of fat. Whole fat yogurt can be harder for you to digest and might trigger GERD symptoms.What fruits to avoid if you have GERD? ›
CITRUS Fruits and Juices
Lemons, oranges, limes, and grapefruit are all foods that can make your GERD symptoms worse because of their citric acid content. Pineapple is another fruit high in citric acid you might want to avoid in order to manage your symptoms.
Although apples are generally safe to eat, certain types of apples may trigger symptoms in people with acid reflux. Red apples generally don't cause an increase in symptoms. Green apples are more acidic, which can have a negative impact for some. Pesticide residue may be present on conventional apple skins.Is oatmeal good for acid reflux? ›
Oatmeal has been a whole-grain breakfast favorite for generations. It is a good source of fiber, so it keeps you feeling full and promotes regularity. Oats also absorb stomach acid and reduce symptoms of gastroesophageal reflux disease (GERD). For something sweet, top your oatmeal with bananas, apples or pears.Is boiled egg good for GERD? ›
Some people with GERD find that the yolk of the egg aggravates their symptoms. The good news is that you can easily enjoy just the egg whites. To avoid butter and oil, eat just the white of a hard boiled egg. A light scramble in a little bit of butter or coconut oil is another option.Are blueberries good for GERD? ›
Foods to Eat on an Acid Reflux Diet
Noncitrus fruits: Apples, bananas, blueberries, and strawberries are safe bets.
Whole grains can be complete foods, like popcorn or quinoa, or ingredients in other foods, like whole-wheat flour in bread. The amount of fiber found in whole-grain foods may help absorb stomach acid.
Non-fat or low-fat pudding, custard, ice cream, frozen yogurt, sherbet. Low-fat cookies. Gelatin made from allowed foods. Sweets and desserts with chocolate, peppermint, or spearmint (including flavoring).Is Pasta OK to eat with acid reflux? ›
Is pasta good for acid reflux? By itself or with little sauce and cheese, pasta shouldn't trigger acid reflux. However, specific ingredients and toppings can lead to heartburn in people prone to it, such as heavy tomato or cream sauces, lots of garlic and spices, and carbonara (cream, cheese, and bacon).Is honey okay for acid reflux? ›
Although research on honey and acid reflux is limited, it's still considered to be a safe, effective way to treat acid reflux. If you decide to try honey, remember: A typical dose is about one teaspoon per day.How do you treat GERD without medication? ›
- Eat sparingly and slowly. When the stomach is very full, there can be more reflux into the esophagus. ...
- Avoid certain foods. ...
- Don't drink carbonated beverages. ...
- Stay up after eating. ...
- Don't move too fast. ...
- Sleep on an incline. ...
- Lose weight if it's advised. ...
- If you smoke, quit.
By lifting and holding the neck from a supine position for 60 seconds at a time, you create enough tension in the muscle associated with the upper esophageal sphincter that it can strengthen the valve.What new technology cures GERD without surgery? ›
The Stretta system delivers low power, low temperature radiofrequency (RF) energy to the lower esophageal sphincter (LES) muscle and gastric cardia. This energy remodels the tissue, resulting in improved barrier function and fewer random relaxations that cause reflux symptoms.Why won't my GERD heal? ›
Persistent heartburn can also be a symptom of other conditions, such as Barrett's esophagus, hiatal hernia, or esophageal cancer. If heartburn does not resolve after taking antacids, a person should visit a doctor for evaluation.Can you heal your esophagus from GERD? ›
Studies have shown proton pump inhibitor therapy can provide complete endoscopic mucosal healing of esophagitis at 6 to 8 weeks in 75% to 100% of cases. Although healing of the esophagus may occur in 6 to 8 weeks, it should not be misunderstood that gastroesophageal reflux can be cured in that amount of time.How long does it take for your body to heal from GERD? ›
Some research suggests that inflammation in the esophagus (esophagitis) from gastroesophageal reflux disease (GERD) can take up to 8 weeks to heal with successful lifestyle changes and medications.Does lemon water help acid reflux? ›
Drinking lemon water is a potentially helpful remedy to reduce symptoms. Always drink it diluted and pay attention to the body's reaction. Some people report that drinking lemon water can reduce their symptoms of acid reflux after a meal. For others, lemon water can make their acid reflux worse.
For most healthy people, cranberry juice is safe, but it can interact with certain drugs. Cranberry juice can also temporarily make conditions, such as acid reflux, worse because it is mildly acidic.Does apple cider vinegar help with acid reflux? ›
Apple cider vinegar is a popular natural remedy for acid reflux and heartburn. Many people claim that it relieves their symptoms. However, there are currently no scientific studies to say that apple cider vinegar is effective for acid reflux.Why is hot water good for GERD? ›
Drinking hot water can aid in soothing your stomach, help digestion, and lessen the symptoms of GERD and acid reflux. As mentioned, water dilutes acids in the stomach, keeping the acid from rising to your esophagus, which is the leading cause of acid reflux.What is the best salad dressing for acid reflux? ›
Mix 3 TBSP champagne or white wine vinegar with 1 TBSP Dijon mustard. Add 1 TBSP finely chopped parsley, 1 TBSP fresh basil or ginger and 1 TBSP marjoram or thyme.Can you eat mayonnaise with acid reflux? ›
Replace Acidic Foods
Some people with heartburn can tolerate small amounts of ketchup, but it may be safer to use reduced-fat mayonnaise or mustard instead. Vinegar is also highly acidic; cider vinegar and rice vinegar, however, are less acidic and may be less likely to provoke heartburn symptoms than regular vinegar.
Saturated fats such as butter, cream and cheese, can be especially bad for acid reflux, so try to ensure that the fats you eat are healthier unsaturated ones, such as avocado or walnuts.Should you drink water before bed if you have acid reflux? ›
While it's good to drink a lot of water when you have GERD, avoid drinking water just before bed time. It'll only wake you up in the middle of the night because you have to use the bathroom, and it may not be easy to drift back to sleep. Don't nap in the daytime.Is toast good for acid reflux? ›
Toast can help decrease nausea and reduce heartburn, but not all toast is the same. Whole wheat bread is more healthful than white bread but is high in fiber and can be difficult for some people to eat. If a person has trouble digesting whole wheat toast, the first step is to try it plain without butter.What meat is good for acid reflux? ›
Lean meats, such as chicken, turkey, fish, and seafood, are low in fat and less likely to cause symptoms of acid reflux than fatty meats. Try them grilled, broiled, baked, or poached.Is Cinnamon good for acid reflux? ›
Like many spices, cinnamon has been said to worsen acid reflux symptoms, especially when eaten in large amounts. However, no research currently proves that cinnamon causes or worsens acid reflux. It's likewise unlikely to alleviate this condition.
Mozzarella cheese is relatively low in fat and rennet compared to other cheese varieties, making it a safer choice for those with acid reflux.Can I reverse my GERD? ›
Yes, GERD can be cured. The most common treatment for Gastroesophageal Reflux Disease is medication, which can help to decrease the amount of acid in your stomach. If lifestyle changes don't help, your doctor may also recommend surgery.What is the fastest way to neutralize stomach acid? ›
Baking soda (sodium bicarbonate)
Baking soda can quickly neutralize stomach acid and relieve indigestion, bloating, and gas after eating. For this remedy, add 1/2 teaspoon (tsp) of baking soda to 4 ounces (oz) of warm water and drink. Sodium bicarbonate is generally safe and nontoxic.
Some research suggests that inflammation in the esophagus (esophagitis) from gastroesophageal reflux disease (GERD) can take up to 8 weeks to heal with successful lifestyle changes and medications.How long does a damaged esophagus take to heal? ›
Although healing of the esophagus may occur in 6 to 8 weeks, it should not be misunderstood that gastroesophageal reflux can be cured in that amount of time.Does fasting heal GERD? ›
Intermittent fasting was associated with a 0.64 reduction in acid exposure time (95% CI: -2.32, 1.05). There was a reduction in GERD symptom scores of heartburn and regurgitation during periods of intermittent fasting (14.3 vs. 9.9; difference of -4.46, 95% CI: -7.6,-1.32).How can I repair my esophagus naturally? ›
Try Aloe Vera Juice. Aloe vera juice is one of the few natural remedies approved by the FDA for treating esophagus naturally. Aloe vera contains glycoproteins which help reduce irritation and inflammation on the esophagus. It also contains polysaccharides which help in tissue repair on the esophagus walls.Does drinking water help acid reflux? ›
Water. In general, drinking water can help balance the pH of a particularly acidic meal, which may help to lower the risk of acid reflux. Studies show that drinking mineral water with a high hydrogen carbonate content can help to alleviate the frequency and severity of acid reflux.What candy is good for acid reflux? ›
For sugary treats, stick to licorice, gummy bears, and candy corn. These sweets are a heartburn-free way to satisfy your sweet tooth.What removes acid from stomach? ›
- Drink diluted baking soda. Also known as sodium bicarbonate or bicarbonate of soda, baking can help alleviate symptoms of acid reflux. ...
- Drink diluted lemon juice or apple cider vinegar. ...
- Drink a glass of milk. ...
- Chew some gum. ...
- Enjoy ginger root in soups, smoothies or tea. ...
- Take Iberogast®
- Try HCL supplements. According to a 2015 review , older adults have a higher risk of developing digestive conditions that reduce their stomach acid levels. ...
- Increase zinc intake. ...
- Take probiotics. ...
- Eat ginger. ...
- Limit refined carbohydrate intake. ...
- Chew thoroughly.